Breast milk Other body fluids that contain blood Avoid contact with these types of body fluids when you are involved with an HIV partner. Women who are infected with HIV should not breastfeed, since the infant can be exposed through the mother's milk. Closed-mouth kissing does not present a risk, but deep kissing French kissing can cause exposure if your partner's gums are infected or bleeding.
The risk is remote, but it is recommended that you avoid this type of deep kissing if your partner has HIV. What about hugging, holding hands, normal skin contact and using the same toilet seat? Daily contact such as this does not transmit HIV. The CDC site above gives additional details on daily life and living with someone who has HIV, and it is recommended that those in the same household become fully educated on infection control. If you and your partner are both male, always use condoms when you have intimacy, and follow other guidelines such as those listed below for other types of contact, such as kissing and other exposures.
Can men catch it from women? Yes, in addition to the risk of infection through contact with blood during a menstrual period, for example , vaginal fluid can carry the virus and can infect male partners through the urethra opening or through any small cuts or abrasions that might be on the penis.
The ratio is disproportionately higher for Black and Latina women, however, compared to women of other races or ethnic groups. To avoid infection, use condoms when having vaginal sex, regardless of which partner is infected with HIV. What About Marriage and Pregnancy? Marriage with an HIV partner is indeed possible, and there are many happy couples who live with this condition in one or both partners.
As mentioned above, it is important to fully understand infection control and to be compliant with treatment plans. There have been many advances in HIV medicine in the past plus years. Although the safest thing for everyone concerned is to always have protected sex, and perhaps the best or safest choice is to avoid pregnancy, sometimes an HIV infected woman becomes pregnant, and understandably, some couples where the man has HIV want to explore having children.
The three-part video on this hub shows an HIV man and his wife who have dealt with the infection during their entire marriage and have had children together. Before jumping into parenthood, discuss your thoughts and desires with your doctor. He or she knows your partner's medical condition and can advise you of the options. Some options might not be appropriate for a given situation, so it's important to have your situation evaluated individually. What if you want to have a baby someday?
It's not out of the question for a couple dealing with HIV to have children; here are some things to know if you are in a relationship with someone who has HIV and you want to start a family. When the woman has HIV: If an unplanned pregnancy occurs, consult with your doctor about the proper treatment and choices to protect the safety of the baby as well as the mother.
If your female partner has HIV and the two of you want to conceive, consult the doctor ahead of time about the status of her virus, the appropriateness of this choice and the option of using artificial insemination to impregnate her.
The sperm can be harvested from the male partner or a donor and transferred to the woman with no risk to the male partner. When the man has HIV: A process called sperm washing can be used to protect the woman who receives sperm from a male donor.
The process separates sperm cells from the fluid it is carried in semen and the cells are tested for HIV before being implanted in the woman or used to fertilize an egg, which is later implanted. This process can be very expensive and is not widely available. When both have HIV: There can be a risk small, but still a risk of the two partners somehow creating a new or different strain of HIV if they engage in unprotected sex.
This would, of course, subject the fetus to the infection and current therapies may not be effective. It is not recommended for two partners with HIV to have frequent, unprotected sex. Generally, an HIV patient is considered to have AIDS when an opportunistic infection occurs one that would normally not affect someone whose immune system is not compromised , or when the CD4 count the cells that help fight infections goes below This article is not about AIDS and is not intended to provide medical information or a diagnosis.
Would you consider dating someone who has HIV? Yes I hadn't until I read this article, but I might consider it now Probably not.