This article was written based on the history of teacher leadership, teacher leadership models and previous studies that have been done locally and internationally. This paper also discusses on the issue pertaining to the teachers' self-awareness on the concept of teacher leadership whereby only teachers who served as principals and headmasters are assumed to have leadership. Further studies are needed to explore the practice of teacher leadership in the school.
This coincided with the drafting of the Malaysia Education Blueprint - In order to develop a world-class education system and create a better quality, good intentions should not be ignored by all citizens and society MOE, In order to promote excellence in education, teachers themselves need to present themselves in terms of leadership.
Teachers need to understand that leadership does not only rest on the shoulders of school administrators only. According to Katzenmeyer and Moller , the teacher only focuses on teaching and learning over the management of the school. However, the leadership of the teacher does not focus on teaching and learning in the classroom, but it actually involves matters within and outside the school.
Teachers also play an important role in the leadership of the teachers in the school. Teacher perspectives on teacher leadership should be changed to improve school performance in general.
This coincided with the leadership required by a teacher. Therefore, it is very important for teachers to understand the role of teacher leadership. Although the scope of this study is quite different, it showed that leadership of a teacher in the classroom is actually one of the leadership characteristics that are required. The finding showed that classroom leadership practiced by teachers has an impact on all individuals in the classroom other than determined the achievement of a classroom.
Discussion in this literature coincided with the study by Gruenert , which also focused on teacher leadership that exists in the classroom. Based on the research of Silva, Gimbert and Nolan , there are three waves in the history of teacher leadership. In the first wave, teachers do not have the leadership role of teachers in schools unless they are given the official position that allows them to be responsible for decision-making in schools.
This assertion is supported by Sanocki, which was the role of teacher leadership only exists when teachers were given official responsibility outside the classroom. In the second wave, the emphasis of teacher leadership is through instructional leadership. However, teachers are still in a formal position as a leader in the organization of teaching, the committee chairman and other roles in school Silva et al.
In addition, Olson, has identified the role of teacher leadership whether formal or informal, that teachers can affect colleagues who stated in an action outside the classroom. In conclusion, the leadership of teachers occurs either formally or informally in the school Sanocki, This means that the leadership of the teachers formed by improving teaching and learning in schools by encouraging cooperation between teachers, mentors and experts in teaching and professional development among teachers Silva et al.
However, Pounder , claimed that teachers have the freedom and ability to make changes outside the classroom, in school and outside of the school. He also claimed that to in line with the development of education that is globally increased, there is the addition of another wave of teacher leadership. The fourth wave of teacher leadership is known as transformational leadership classrooms. This assertion is supported by Crowther, Margaret, and Leonne which states that the leadership of teachers allows teachers to act as teachers who can affect the school and community in school success.
From the four waves studied by previous researchers, it can be concluded that leadership of a teacher has transformed whereby the role of teachers is expanding. Teachers do not only play their roles in a classroom but in fact, in school organization, with colleagues and with the people within the community. Now, teachers can make a decision with no official position required. By having leadership within themselves and practicing it in the school, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , Vol.