Watawat ng Bhutan — The national flag of Bhutan is one of the national symbols of Bhutan. The flag is based upon the tradition of the Drukpa Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism and features Druk, the basic design of the flag by Mayum Choying Wangmo Dorji dates to A version was displayed in at the signing of the Indo-Bhutan Treaty, the Bhutanese subsequently redesigned their flag to match the measurements of the flag of India, which they believed fluttered better than their own.
Other modifications such as changing the red color to orange led to the current design. The National Assembly of Bhutan codified a code of conduct in to formalize the design and establish protocol regarding acceptable flag sizes.
Historically Bhutan is known by names, but the Bhutanese call the country Druk after the name of the Bhutanese thunder dragon. The monastery that Tsangpa Gyare built that year was named Druk Sewa Jangchubling, the Druk school later split into three lineages. This legend offers one explanation for how the symbolism of the came to form the basis of the national flag of Bhutan.
The current flag is divided diagonally from the lower corner, with the upper triangle yellow. Centred along the line is a large black and white dragon facing away from the hoist side. The dragon is holding a norbu, or jewel, in each of its claws, the background colours of the flag, yellow and orange, are identified as Pantone and respectively. Equivalents of these shades and the white of the Druk are specified by other codes according to particular matching systems as indicated below.
The dimensions of the flag must maintain a 3,2 ratio. The orange half signifies Buddhist spiritual tradition, particularly the Drukpa Kagyu, Druk, the Thunder Dragon, spreads equally over the line between the colors. The white color of Druk signifies the purity of inner thoughts and this report is therefore a significant primary source for information about the history of the Bhutanese flag.
But in the description of the flag from , the document is not in accord with photos of the flag 2. After his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated the throne in his favour, a public coronation ceremony was held on 1 November , an auspicious year that marked years of monarchy in Bhutan. Khesar is the eldest son of the fourth Dragon King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck and he has a younger sister, Princess Dechen Yangzom, and brother, Prince Jigme Dorji, as well as four half-sisters and three half-brothers.
He also did a course at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie, the Crown Prince, popularly known to the people of Bhutan as Dasho Khesar, accompanied his father in his many tours throughout the Kingdom to meet and speak to the people. He also officially represented Bhutan on several international events and he attended Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadejs 60th Anniversary Celebrations on 12—13 June in Bangkok along with royals from 25 countries.
The youngest of the royals, the year-old prince caused a sensation. On 31 October , Khesar was installed as the Trongsa Penlop in Trongsa Dzong, in December , the King Jigme Singye Wangchuck announced his intention to abdicate in his sons favour in , and that he would begin handing over responsibility to him immediately. Religious ceremonies and public celebrations were held at Tashichhodzong and Changlimithang in Thimphu.
The coronation ceremony comprised an ancient and colourful ritual, attended by thousands of dignitaries, including the then-President of India.
CNN reported that, to welcome Khesar as King of Bhutan, people painted street signs, hung festive banners and his Majesty received the white, yellow, red, green, and blue silk scarves.
As he opened the session of parliament on Friday,20 May and they were married on 13 October in Punakha Dzong. The royal wedding was Bhutans largest media event in history, the royal wedding ceremony was held in Punakha followed by formal visits to different parts of the country. The wedding was held in traditional style with the blessings of the guardian deities, on 11 November , it was announced that the King and Queen of Bhutan were expecting their first child, a son, early in He stated that the responsibility of generation of Bhutanese was to ensure the success of democracy.
He traveled extensively to explain and discuss the Draft Constitution of Bhutan with the people, the King signed a new treaty of friendship with India in February , replacing the treaty of Many government initiatives were undertaken by the new King with a view to strengthen the system in preparation for the changes in 3.
Tobgay is leader of the Peoples Democratic Party, and was also the Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly from March to April , Tobgay was born into a family of six brothers. Both of his parents helped expand the country of Bhutan, Tobgays father was one of the first soldiers of Bhutans army, while his mother helped to build the first road connecting Bhutan to India.
Tobgay attended secondary schooling at the Dr. Grahams Homes School in the city of Kalimpong, India, in , Tobgay received a bachelor of science in mechanical engineering from the University of Pittsburghs Swanson School of Engineering after obtaining a scholarship from the United Nations.
Tobgay also completed a degree in public administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in Tobgay was a civil servant before he engaged in politics and he started his career in with the Technical and Vocational Education Section of the Education Division in Bhutan. Tobgay resigned from the Ministry of Labour in February and entered politics to serve his duties for the reigning king, after the election in , Tobgay became the Prime Minister of Bhutan through a secret ballot.
At the election, the PDP only obtained two seats, with Tobgay winning one of the seats, in , the PDPs leader Sangay Ngedup resigned from his position, and Tobgay took over as the partys leader. After the election, Tobgay was elected as Prime Minister of Bhutan by a secret ballot, during Tobgays campaign in the election, Tobgay focused on improving Bhutan with small promises. Instead of following in his predecessors footsteps and promoting the Gross National Happiness, Tobgay pledged to each village a power tiller.
Tobgay believes that working on such as youth employment, corruption. Tobgay also concentrates on stopping corruption in Bhutans government, and interacting with the Bhutanese population, Tshering Tobgay announced that the country is also carbon negative instead of just carbon neutral.
In his speech, Tobgay emphasized that having a sense of purpose, identity, at a TED talk, Tobgay spoke about Bhutans pledge to remain carbon neutral for all time. He shared his countrys mission to put happiness before economic growth, on 17 December , the King of Bhutan presented Tobgay with the Lungmar Scarf for his work as opposing leader of the National Assembly.
It is administered by the Bhutan Ministry of Communications 5. Himalaya — The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The Himalayan range has the Earths highest peaks, including the highest, the Himalayas include over a hundred mountains exceeding 7, metres in elevation.
By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia — Aconcagua, in the Andes — is 6, metres tall. The Himalayas have profoundly shaped the cultures of South Asia, many Himalayan peaks are sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism. Lifted by the subduction of the Indian tectonic plate under the Eurasian Plate and its western anchor, Nanga Parbat, lies just south of the northernmost bend of Indus river. Its eastern anchor, Namcha Barwa, is just west of the bend of the Tsangpo river. They are now known as the Himalaya Mountains, usually shortened to the Himalayas, formerly, they were described in the singular as the Himalaya.
The climate ranges from tropical at the base of the mountains to permanent ice, the amount of yearly rainfall increases from west to east along the southern front of the range. This diversity of altitude, rainfall and soil conditions combined with the high snow line supports a variety of distinct plant. The extremes of high altitude combined with extreme cold favor extremophile organisms, the unique floral and faunal wealth of the Himalayas is undergoing structural and compositional changes due to climate change.
The increase in temperature is shifting various species to higher elevations, the oak forest is being invaded by pine forests in the Garhwal Himalayan region. There are reports of early flowering and fruiting in some species, especially rhododendron, apple. The flag of Bhutan figures on the livery of the national airline Druk Air.