Part of it was demolished to allow the road to be widened for traffic. They mark family burial plots. The market is partly on the site of the old County Gaol and the gallows stood at the far end. This is where Dic Penderyn was publicly hanged on 13th August for his alleged part in the riots in Merthyr over working conditions.
Have a look inside. The Market has a galleried hall with cast iron and glass roof and a decorated clock tower in the centre. Some of the stalls have their original cast iron numbers. Now bear right towards the church. It was founded at the end of the 12tth century and rebuilt in the perpendicular style in the 15th century.
It was once called The Tennis Court, after the real tennis court that was behind it. Now walk down Church Street. The arcade and pub date from the construction of a market in , which was replaced in by the present one. Numbers 3 and 4 Church St On your right, the distinctive first floor windows of the white buildings at 3 and 4 Church Street date from The building was a Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, built on the site of the first Wesleyan meeting room in Cardiff.
To your left is St Mary Street, named after the principal church of medieval Cardiff. St Mary Street is an almost complete Victorian townscape, and the narrow frontages reflect the medieval burgage plots. The house was originally called The Corner House and the building represents almost the last survivor of the 18th century town. To your right is High Street, the principal street of the medieval borough. From until the s three successive guildhalls stood here until a new town hall opened in St Mary Street.
The annual fairs were held in front of the guildhall. Now cross the road. Quay Street This road got its name in the days when it led down to the town quay on the River Taff. Before you head down, take a look behind you at the exquisite detail above the entrance to High Street Arcade. Before you move on, go up the street a little way and look through the archway on your right. The houses had just two rooms and there was no water supply or drainage so they were perfect breeding grounds for disease.
The gate provided access from St Mary Street to the river, at the site of the old Roman quay. It was demolished in Westgate Street runs along what was the course of the River Taff. The great 19th century engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel was building his Great Western Railway westwards but the long curve of the river made a rail crossing difficult.
So with the agreement of the Bute family, who owned the land, work began to divert the river in so that a short railway bridge could be built. That bridge still stands today.
This left a huge area of reclaimed land which the 3rd Marquess of Bute allowed to be used for sport. The area was originally called the Great Park but became known as Cardiff Arms Park, after a nearby coaching inn.
The first organised sport here was cricket. Tennis, hockey, bowls and even greyhound racing have taken place here. The Millennium Stadium was built on the site of the former Cardiff Arms Park stadium in time to stage the Rugby World Cup Final — although the pitch was turned around by 45 degrees. It is now one of the most famous stadia in the world.
Turn right down Westgate Street. There have been several Angel Taverns on or near this site over the years. The stand was bombed during World War 2 but the stadium was rebuilt and the view to Penarth was gone for good. The Animal Wall Have a look across the main road. The wall opposite has got several hand-carved stone animals perched on it — not all indigenous to Cardiff!
The wall was designed by architect William Burges in , though not built until , and it was originally in front of the Castle. In the wall was moved to its present position when the road was widened. Now turn right into Castle Street. West Gate Over the road you can see the site of the West Gate of the old town wall.
The West Gate and the bridge over the moat were restored by the Marquess of Bute in to their original design. Radio Studio A plaque on the wall next to you marks the building where the first BBC radio broadcasts in Wales came from in Castle Arcade was built around and if you go inside you can see a beautiful wooden gallery with a wooden second floor overhang and foot bridges.
Cardiff Castle Opposite you now is Cardiff Castle. The site has a long history dating back to the Romans — below the red stones you can see the original Roman wall which was discovered during building work in In the 19th century the architect William Burges restored the Castle for the 3rd Marquess of Bute, whose statue we will see later in the walk.
Today you can take a tour of the extraordinary interiors as well as enjoy a Welsh banquet in the refurbished 15th century undercroft.
The Castle grounds are a haven of tranquillity in the city centre and the Norman Keep offers spectacular views of the city. Carry straight on across High Street. Duke Street Arcade This arcade dates from In a spectator who got too close to the action was gored to death.
Bevan was born in Tredegar, in the industrial South Wales Valleys, and was one of the most important ministers in the Labour government. He was responsible for establishing the National Health Service in North Gate A short way up the busy road to your left is the site of the old North Gate. As you walk along Queen Street, look at the interesting architecture of the upper floors of the buildings around you. The thick line of dark paving stones you have just crossed marks the line of the town wall and the site of the East Gate.
Stones from the wall were used in the construction of new buildings. This gate was known as the Crockerton Gate. Later in this walk we will pass Crockherbtown Lane. The canal was filled in during the s so the building no longer has a prime waterfront position. Now head up The Friary. The Friary In Franciscan Friars founded a friary where the tower block now stands.
About a dozen friars were probably based here, who wore grey habits so they were known as Grey Friars. There were also fields and gardens where the friars grew their food. In the Reformation all the property was seized and the church was demolished. In Sir William Herbert built a mansion on this site which was probably occupied by the Herbert family until the 18th century.
You can see a date tablet from the mansion in the entrance hall of the tower block. Before the redevelopment of this area there were kitchen gardens here that supplied the Castle.
Now cross Greyfriars Road at the crossing. Friary Gardens In the small gardens on your left you can see a statue of the 3rd Marquess of Bute. Lord Bute spent much of his fortune on the extravagant redevelopment of Cardiff Castle and in he sold 59 acres in Cathays Park to Cardiff Corporation with conditions including preservation of trees.
He also stipulated that no buildings should ever be built on the site of these gardens. Dock Feeder Before heading through the underpass into Cathays Park, have a look at the drinking fountain on the wall on your right.
In it was moved to Mill Lane, and came to its present site in Below you is the dock feeder for the Glamorganshire Canal. The Canal was built between and , to transport heavy goods from the industrial valleys for export around the world through Cardiff docks.
It ran for 25 miles from Cyfarthfa, near Merthyr Tydfil, to Cardiff docks. There were 52 locks along its length, which led to frequent delays. The canal was so busy that by the early 19th century traders had to look for alternative forms of transport and by the mid 19th century the Taff Vale Railway was open.
The last barge passed down the canal in A pedestrian subway runs under the main road from just south of the Hilton Hotel to the Castle. This was originally part of the Glamorganshire Canal and the towpath is still visible today. This dock feeder was cut in the s. It ran from the Glamorganshire Canal to the docks, helping flush mud and debris and keep the water level in the docks.
Now walk through the underpass and at the other end head up the ramp on your left. The origins of the name Cathays are not clear, although the second element — hays — probably means land enclosed by a hedge. By the end of the 19th century Cardiff Corporation knew it needed land for new civic buildings. As you come out of the subway City Hall is on your right. Designed by architects Lanchester, Stewart and Rickards this is the flagship building of the civic centre.
The clock tower rises 60 metres, and at the top of the dome is a Welsh dragon. The interior of this building is splendid with the imposing Marble Hall connecting the domed Council Chamber and ornate Assembly Rooms.
The Hall houses marble statues of 11 heroes of Wales, which were chosen through a competition in the Western Mail newspaper. Inside you can ask for a leaflet describing the City Hall art collections and, functions permitting, you can view them at your leisure.