The municipality of Athens, the city centre of the Athens Urban Area, is divided into several districts: Omonoia, Omonoia Square , Greek: It is surrounded by hotels and fast food outlets, and contains a train station used by the Athens Metro and the Ilektrikos, named Omonoia station. The square is the focus for celebration of sporting victories, as seen after the country's winning of the Euro and the Eurobasket tournaments.
The neighborhood is located north of the historical centre of Athens, between Kolonos to the east and Kerameikos to the west, and north of Gazi. Metaxourgeio is frequently described as a transition neighborhood. Guerilla gardening has also helped to beautify the area. Psiri and Gazi — The reviving Psiri Greek: A number of its renovated buildings also host fashionable bars, making it a hotspot for the city in the last decade, while live music restaurants known as "rebetadika", after rebetiko , a unique form of music that blossomed in Syros and Athens from the s until the s, are to be found.
Rebetiko is admired by many, and as a result rebetadika are often crammed with people of all ages who will sing, dance and drink till dawn. The metro's expansion to the western suburbs of the city has brought easier access to the area since spring , as the blue line now stops at Gazi Kerameikos station. Syntagma, Syntagma Square , Greek: Ermou Street, an approximately one-kilometre-long 0.
Complete with fashion shops and shopping centres promoting most international brands, it now finds itself in the top five most expensive shopping streets in Europe, and the tenth most expensive retail street in the world.
Plaka, Monastiraki, and Thission — Plaka Greek: It remains a prime tourist destination with tavernas , live performances and street salesmen. Thission is home to the ancient Temple of Hephaestus , standing atop a small hill. This area also has a picturesque 11th-century Byzantine church, as well as a 15th-century Ottoman mosque. Exarcheia is home to the Athens Polytechnic and the National Archaeological Museum ; it also contains important buildings of several 20th-century styles: This is often regarded as one of the more prestigious areas of the capital.
Panoramic view of Kolonaki Square Parks and zoos[ edit ] The entrance of the National Gardens , commissioned by Queen Amalia in and completed by Parnitha National Park is punctuated by well-marked paths, gorges, springs, torrents and caves dotting the protected area. Hiking and mountain-biking in all four mountains are popular outdoor activities for residents of the city.
The National Garden of Athens was completed in and is a green refuge of It is to be found between the Parliament and Zappeion buildings, the latter of which maintains its own garden of seven hectares. Parts of the city centre have been redeveloped under a masterplan called the Unification of Archeological Sites of Athens, which has also gathered funding from the EU to help enhance the project.
The route starts from the Temple of Olympian Zeus at Vasilissis Olgas Avenue, continues under the southern slopes of the Acropolis near Plaka , and finishes just beyond the Temple of Hephaestus in Thiseio. The route in its entirety provides visitors with views of the Parthenon and the Agora the meeting point of ancient Athenians , away from the busy city centre.
The hills of Athens also provide green space. Lycabettus , Philopappos hill and the area around it, including Pnyx and Ardettos hill , are planted with pines and other trees, with the character of a small forest rather than typical metropolitan parkland. Also to be found is the Pedion tou Areos Field of Mars of Athens' largest zoo is the Attica Zoological Park , a hectare acre private zoo located in the suburb of Spata.
The zoo is home to around animals representing species, and is open days a year. Smaller zoos exist within public gardens or parks, such as the zoo within the National Garden of Athens. Surrounding areas[ edit ] The large City Centre of the Greek capital falls directly within the municipality of Athens, which is the largest in population size in Greece.
Piraeus  also forms a significant city centre on its own, within the Athens Urban Area and being the second largest in population size within it, with Peristeri and Kallithea following. Urban and suburban municipalities[ edit ] Ano Vrilissia maisonette block Beach in Vouliagmeni, one of the many beaches in the southern coast of Athens The Athens Metropolitan Area consists of 58 .