Blog home Immigration to the UK: So, what are the facts? At the same time, new asylum figures from the Home Office show how many people apply for refugee status here. The immigration figures are complicated by the fact the ONS has two ways of counting: But what are the key facts? How many people are really coming into the UK - and leaving? The big number in today's story is the net migration of , people - the difference between the , people who came into the country in the year to June and the , who left the country to live abroad for more than 12 months.
The government has pledged to bring that down to "tens of thousands". Alan Travis writes today that The figures for the first year of the coalition government showed that net migration actually rose from , to , in their first 12 months in office. This increase was driven by falls in the emigration side of the equation, with the number of people going to live abroad at its lowest level since Where do people come from? Press play and roll over a dot to see which country.
International Passenger Survey estimates Go to the spreadsheet for fullscreen version The International Passenger Survey estimates shows India as the top country for people coming to the UK with It's followed by Pakistan, 5.
That has changed a lot since the earlys, as the animation above shows, when Germany was the top country. They show the number of applications for asylum, excluding dependants, has risen on the year - in it was 17,, down from 24, the year before - was up to 19, And if you look at them quarter by quarter, saw a rise.
Roll over line for numbers The figures show how asylum applications are affected by world instability. In and , Iranians made the most asylum applications; in , it was Zimbabweans. However, recent unrest in Libya has led to a "substantial increase in asylum applications from Libyan nationals in the period January to September applications compared to 62 between January and September , although numbers of applications fell during the fourth quarter of to just 49".
Syrian applications have gone up too - from to between and We've extracted the asylum seeker figures so far below in a sortable table. People removed from the country Removals statistics have been falling. The estimated number of long-term migrants whose main reason for entering the UK was formal study was , in the year to June - lower than the peak of , arriving to study in the year to September The full data is downloadable below.
Is there anything we've missed - and can you do anything with it? Data summary Click heading to sort table. Download this data Year.