Origin[ edit ] The practices and beliefs underlying polyfidelity have long existed, but in uncodified fashion. The Oneida Commune of the midth century practiced complex marriage, encouraging individual members in the freedom to have multiple ongoing sexual relationships within the community, as an expression of their beliefs and religious faith.
This was occasionally referred to as a group marriage , a term brought back to popular recognition by the publication of Group Marriage: In Proposition 31 , Robert Rimmer presents two married couples who form a group marriage as an alternative to divorce when they are forced to deal with sexual infidelity.
Late in his life, Rimmer claimed to have lived for years in such a two-couple relationship. The term polyfidelity was coined in the "New Tribe" of the Kerista Commune. Adding new members would require consensus rather than violate the fundamental compact. The broader term polyamory was coined later, in the early s. The difference is that more than two people are included in the closed group. New members may generally be added to the group only by unanimous agreement of the existing members, or the group may not be interested in further expansion.
While being a subtype of the more general polyamory , polyfidelity can resemble monogamy in its relationship power dynamics, attitudes towards autonomy and group consent, as most often polyfidelity develops from an established closed-monogamous couple seeking to add one or more individuals or another couple.
In this sense, polyfidelity expands upon standard practices and beliefs of monogamy while still being categorically polyamory. Benefits and challenges[ edit ] A commonly cited advantage of polyfidelity is the ability to fluid bond among more than two people while maintaining relative safety regarding STDs , so long as any new members are sufficiently tested before fluid bonding with the group, and keep their commitments.
This would have health advantages similar to monogamy , although risks rise somewhat with each person added. Some gain a sense of emotional safety from the relatively closed nature of the polyfaithful commitment.
Polyfidelity inherently affords less flexibility than other forms of nonmonogamy. For example, open relationships do not necessarily restrict sexual and emotional bonding to such a degree. As many polyfidelitous people have transitioned directly from closed monogamy, they can encounter problems in learning to communicate intimately with more than one partner.
People hoping to create or expand a group marriage mention difficulty finding potential partners with enough mutual compatibility to even consider attempting a relationship. Other usage[ edit ] In the book Lesbian Polyfidelity, author Celeste West uses the term polyfidelity in much the same way that others use polyamory.
This may represent independent coinage of the same term within a different community, and this usage is not common among polyamorists in general. West uses the term to emphasize the concept common in polyamory that one can be faithful to one's commitments without those commitments including sexual exclusivity.