Edmonton led 3 series to 1 Roughnecks vs. Rush[ edit ] Box Lacrosse has seen significant growth in Alberta in recent years, with the Calgary Roughnecks joining the National Lacrosse League in , followed by the Edmonton Rush in The two teams were poised to form another Alberta rivalry as the two cities have in many other sports. The Rush took out ads in Calgary newspapers before their first ever meeting saying the Rush would "open a can" on the Roughnecks.
This backfired as the Roughnecks defeated the Rush. The Roughnecks tried this tactic against Edmonton before the April 5, game by placing an ad in the Edmonton Sun saying that Edmonton was a "City of Losers" instead of a "City of Champions".
Just as it had for the Rush, the plan backfired as the Rush won 11—9. Calgary won the Champion's Cup in and The Cannons existed from to while the Trappers existed from to The rivalry never reached the same level as it did in other sports, however, and ultimately both teams relocated to the United States the Trappers to Round Rock, Texas , and the Cannons to Albuquerque, New Mexico.
The two teams met in the Northern Division playoffs in ; the Capitals won the series in six games. Hosting international and domestic events and conferences[ edit ] The rivalry also extends outside of team sports to international events.
Both cities have hosted numerous national and international championships and other tournaments. Both cities have hosted large world-class and domestic renowned events.
The constant one-upmanship of the two cities in this field has receded in recent years, and they cooperated in a successful joint bid to host the World Junior Ice Hockey Championships. Previously, the province hosted the event in In that year, the city of Red Deer , a city between Edmonton and Calgary, was the primary venue. Edmonton and Calgary each hosted a few games as well.
Calgary is also home to the world-famous Calgary Stampede equestrian exhibition. Calgary was designated as "Canada's Cultural Capital" in for the inaugural year of the program. The ten-day tournament hosted athletes from 30 nations. Edmonton also hosts the Canadian Finals Rodeo during the second week of November since The city also plays host to K-Days every July. Dual bid for hosting Expo [ edit ] In , Edmonton started assessing the viability of hosting Expo The Edmonton City Council approved the building of a bid on April 15, Later in April, Calgary announced its coming bid to host Expo , though it had not expressed any interest beforehand.
In July of the same year, a disagreement occurred when Edmonton received provincial funding for its bid, while Calgary did not. Calgary withdrew its bid to host the event. Dual hosting of events[ edit ] Edmonton and Calgary among other Albertan towns, were both venues of the cross province " Tour of Alberta " bicycle marathon in the marathon's inaugural year.
It is anticipated the event will return for and beyond. Politics of Alberta The origins of and effects of the political leanings of the two cities are intertwined with and as old as the rivalry itself. When the CPR shifted its route southward, Canada was governed by the Conservatives who had generously supported the railway — this helped entrench a loyalty to the Tories in Calgary that persisted even during the early days of Confederation when most of Western Canada was solidly Liberal.
However, when the Liberals gained power they championed not one but two more transcontinental railways, both of which passed through Edmonton. The result was boom times and massive immigration in and around Edmonton, which quickly displaced Calgary as Alberta's largest city and became solidly Liberal.
It is widely believed that as a direct result of these leanings, the Liberal government in Ottawa designated Edmonton the provincial capital in The different political leanings at first influenced and then, in turn, became influenced by the ethnic makeup of Edmonton and Northern Alberta, compared to Calgary and Southern Alberta.
Whereas the Conservatives had taken steps to limit immigration from the United States and block immigration from virtually anywhere else besides the British Isles, the Liberals encouraged immigration from much of Europe. Although the largest single ethnic group in Edmonton and the north remained British, and although immigration by non-Caucasians remained actively discouraged and heavily restricted, many Canadians of British origin decried what they perceived as the "mongrelization" of the Dominion.
Not surprisingly, this opposition became centred around the much more exclusively British city of Calgary, which increasingly looked down on the "mongrelized" north. In that context, especially considering the level of superiority those of British extraction viewed their own culture, the decision to place the university in Strathcona was particularly insulting to the British elite based in Calgary.
Relations between Calgary and the provincial government in Edmonton hit an all-time low following the general election , in which the provincial Liberals under Arthur Sifton won a large majority — the size of which they owed in no small part to a blatant gerrymandering of the electoral districts which in particular left Calgary badly under-represented in the legislature.
Such was the level of hostility by this time that a serious movement commenced to petition the federal government, by then back in Conservative hands, to admit Calgary and southern Alberta to Confederation as a separate province. At the time, the British North America Act would theoretically have allowed the creation of one province from the territory of another even without the consent of the government of the province concerned.
With a sympathetic government in Ottawa the movement to create a separate province might have had some chance of success, had it not been for the outbreak of World War I which naturally diverted the attention of both the government and the public. During the war, the Sifton government chose to align itself closely with the federal government under Robert Borden , eventually supporting conscription over the explicit objections of federal Liberal leader Wilfrid Laurier.
These decisions helped to ease tensions between Calgary's Conservative elite and the provincial Liberal government in Edmonton. In a low-key election , Sifton led his government to another majority, then left provincial politics to become Minister of Customs in the new " Unionist " government in Ottawa. The new government was essentially a coalition of pro-conscription Liberals and Conservatives under Borden's leadership. The political rivalry between Calgary and Edmonton cooled even further after the general election , in which Conservative support collapsed throughout the province including Calgary, and in which the Liberals were swept from power by the rural-based United Farmers of Alberta.
For the next fifty years, provincial politics was split more or less on an urban-rural basis, with rural voters consistently and overwhelmingly supporting UFA and then Social Credit governments while the Conservatives and Liberals made intermittent efforts at electoral co-operation in an attempt to maintain a foothold at least in the two major cities.
Nevertheless, the political leanings of the two cities have persisted over the years to the present. While Calgary has elected mayors in the past who have been known to be Liberals, Calgary was long reckoned as the most conservative major city in Canada. From to , only three Liberals won election to the House of Commons from Calgary-based ridings, none for more than one term.
Although the Labour Party of Canada and Social Credit made inroads in the s and s, it was the Progressive Conservatives who dominated federal elections in Calgary, with few exceptions, until the Reform Party swept the federal Tories out of Alberta in The Conservatives continued to dominate federal politics in algary until the federal election , which saw the Liberals not only win the second-most seats in their history, but also turn in their strongest showing in Western Canada in a quarter-century.
They took two ridings in Calgary—one fewer than they had won in that city in their entire history. Meanwhile, the stronger government, university, greater ethnic heterogeneity and labour class presence in Edmonton has helped to keep the city on the political left by Albertan standards.
In federal politics, Edmonton remained friendly to the Liberals in early decades, although in recent decades Edmonton's federal ridings have tended to follow the trend set by the rest of Alberta, usually electing Social Credit, PC, Reform, Alliance and finally Conservative MPs—though usually by much reduced pluralities than those found in Calgary.
The Liberals then achieved their first real success in Edmonton in decades in when four Liberals were elected compared to three Reformers. Two of these Liberals, Anne McLellan who was Deputy Prime Minister in the early s and David Kilgour a former PC managed to win re-election in Edmonton three times each before being defeated and retiring, respectively in the face of the Tory sweep of Alberta in In the election, Duncan held her seat, and the Tories held all of theirs, both in Edmonton and in the rest of Alberta.
At the election, the Liberals took two seats in Edmonton, Duncan held onto her seat, and the Tories won the remainder. In provincial politics, the political differences are more noticeable. The Social Credit Party of Alberta dominated most of Alberta's ridings, including Edmonton and Calgary, for most of the time it governed from until When the Progressive Conservatives under Calgarian Peter Lougheed won election in , they would go on to dominate both cities' ridings themselves until , when the Alberta New Democrats and Alberta Liberal Party made a breakthrough in Edmonton.
Since then, the provincial Tories have continued to win a majority of seats in every election both province-wide and in Calgary but gained a majority of Edmonton's seats only once in while the party had a Calgarian as leader. Lougheed retired in and was succeeded by Edmontonian and former Eskimos quarterback Don Getty.
In , Getty was defeated in his Edmonton district and forced to run outside the city in a by-election. Getty's successor, Ralph Klein , was a former mayor of Calgary who defeated a former mayor of Edmonton , Liberal Laurence Decore in the election. The previous Liberal Leaders of the Opposition tended to represent an Edmonton district. Stelmach's victory continued a pattern under which since Lougheed assumed the premiership in in which successive Tory leaders and premiers alternated between Calgary and Edmonton-area ridings; Stelmach represented Fort Saskatchewan-Vegreville , on Edmonton's eastern fringe.
Stelmach was able to make gains in Edmonton at the expense of both the Liberals and NDP during the election, while the Liberals made gains in Calgary. From to the Official Opposition had an even number of members from both cities, with the leader Raj Sherman representing Edmonton-Meadowlark. On the other hand, Stelmach, like Getty before him, had a relatively short tenure as premier — he resigned in , and was replaced by Calgarian Alison Redford.
Redford led the PCs to an unexpected 12th term in government in , but was forced out of politics two years later. She was ultimately succeeded by Calgarian and former federal cabinet minister Jim Prentice , breaking four decades of alternation between Calgary- and Edmonton-based leaders. During the general election, the trends in both cities were broadly similar, but with noticeable distinctions.
The second placed right-wing Wildrose Party , led by Danielle Smith , was much stronger in Calgary Smith is a Calgary native, and her riding of Highwood was on Calgary's southern fringe. The centrist or centre-left Liberals were slightly stronger in Edmonton It is notable to mention that the media speculated that the overall province-wide Liberal vote collapsed as a result of Liberal voters voting PC in tactical voting , presumably to stop a Wildrose victory.
Moreover, the election further demonstrated an extension of the north-south political divide into rural Alberta. Wildrose won every rural seat south of the 53rd parallel but one, as well as both seats in Medicine Hat. However, the Progressive Conservatives took all but one rural seat north of the 53rd parallel, as well as both seats in Red Deer and both seats in Lethbridge. Notably, the NDP won power on the strength of dominating both Edmonton and Calgary, upsetting the traditional political divide.