The name honors William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, and head of government at the time. This selection of maps and views presents a history of the city and region from that moment to near the present; some can be seen on other pages of this website. There are few earlier large scale maps of the region because there was nothing there of interest. The earliest regional map appears to be the manuscript Mercer's Map The Historic Pittsburgh project has maps from the G.
Hopkins Pittsburgh atlas and subsequent editions, as well as other maps and views of the city and some books that show maps. Sanborn real estate maps dating from to near the present can be found on some websites; the earliest seen for Pittsburgh dates to the s. It contains a large number of views and illustrations including maps, especially for the early years. For a potpourri of Pittsburgh views, do an Internet image search.
This woodcut map has sometimes been called the "first map of Pittsburgh," since General Forbes' army seized control of the Forks of the Ohio and renamed it "Pittsburgh" in November, Apparently, within three months, a horseman got to Philadelphia and a ship from there reached London. The map identifies several sites as given by the number key at the bottom, and is accompanied by a short article with extracts from the letters of General Forbes.
An untitled version appeared in the London Magazine of January The small fort 3 on the map probably refers to Fort Prince George, constructed by a small force of Virginians under command of Captain William Trent in , while 2 refers to the French Fort Duquesne.
Another possibility is that the small fort is Mercer's Fort, constructed to house troops between the destruction of Fort Duquesne and the building of Fort Pitt. There were apparently no Indian villages right at the Forks, but several up and down the three rivers are named.
The most substantial was Logstown, 10 on the map. This is a manuscript map of the fort done by Bernard Ratzer circa It is reproduced in Hulbert with this date in four plates, all shown here, plate 2 , plate 3 , plate 4. The complete plan is also shown in Stotz II This plan had to be somewhat conjectural as the fort took several years to complete.
Reduced from Actual Surveys. This work provided the plans of all the frontier forts Rocque could lay hands on. The other forts were in New York and Canada. After Rocque's death, his wife Mary Ann published the work in in London. In the state government published Report of the Commission to Locate the Sites of the Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania, a large and detailed two volume work with a description on line at frontierforts.
This is the form of the fort begun in and the foundations and a surviving blockhouse can be seen today at Point State Park in Pittsburgh. Brown shows a sequence of plans dating from a manuscript sketch of Fort Duquesne in up to the 'Plan of the New Fort at Pittsburgh', November , which is almost identical to this image.
The history of the forts at Pittsburgh is complex. The first fort was a rudimentary one built by Virginians in and called Fort Prince George. It was destroyed the same year by the French who built Fort Duquesne.
On December 1, , the ruins of Fort Duquesne were officially renamed and from then on the Forks of the Ohio was called Pittsburgh. A temporary fort was built circa near the Monongahela River to house troops under the command of Colonel Hugh Mercer, and was called Mercer's Fort, see Brown, No.
This was followed by Fort Pitt, which took several years to build. It was abandoned by the British in , taken over by Virginians in and renamed Fort Dunmore. It was again abandoned when the new Fort Fayette was constructed in The image is from the Library of Congress. The map itself was probably prepared earlier by "Cap.
Crawfd," and may date circa It shows the river system around Pittsburgh located at upper right. Though the coverage is perhaps too broad to strictly call this a Pittsburgh map, it allows display of the fact that Washington slept there, though prior to when it was called Pittsburgh.
Abraham Lincoln also slept there, staying at the Monongahela House on his way to Washington after the election of This hotel is long gone, but recently the bed Lincoln used was discovered stored in the attic of a county warehouse and given to the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. Three copies of the original document were known, but two were lost in the Great Fire of The third was held by Senator James Ross, who authenticated the map by deposition in an court case.
A copy of the map complete with Ross's authentification is in the Allegheny County plat book, and subsequent real estate ownership in Pittsburgh's downtown is based on it. It shows the present downtown street arrangement with blocks laid out in individual building lots.
Hopkins published Atlas of the Cities of Pittsburgh, Allegheny, and the Adjoining Boroughs, which contained the printed copy shown here of the manuscript original.
Copied by John Hills, surveyor, Philadelphia There is a similar manuscript map dated in the Darlington Memorial Library at the University of Pittsburgh. Coal Hill, to the right on the south bank of the "Monongahala", is now called Mount Washington, a name more suitable for upscale living. This image is from a poor modern reproduction. This is a facsimile map from Report of the Commission to Locate the Sites of the Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania mentioned above, and shows the downtown layout set out by the manuscript map.
Whether another manuscript map is the basis of this one is not known. It may be a conjecture from other maps of the period such as those above. Melish was from Scotland and visited America several times before settling here in He made notes on his visits and published Travels This map covers about 10 miles around Pittsburgh and is illustrated in Ristow, page This is a map of downtown with part of the north Allegheny and south Birmingham shores.
There is a table on the left with letters locating points of interest within the city. The Pennsylvania Canal and the penitentiary are named. This map shows the first three river crossings built: The bridges were both covered wooden structures. A Grammar of Geography A Description of the Earth By Daniel Adams, A. Boston Published by Robert S. This little woodcut from a school geography book is one of the earliest views of Pittsburgh as a developing industrial center with burgeoning river traffic.
The covered bridges over the rivers can be seen in the distance. This is one of the small number of views prior to the Great Fire of , and illustrates why a such a fire was inevitable. The Sears' book provided many Americans their first glimpse at well-known national landmarks, monuments, famous buildings, and natural wonders.
All of the illustrations were finely drawn engravings printed on good paper. A virtually identical print had appeared in Day in , so the same plate was used or copied. Thus, the view is actually prior to the Great Fire of which burned down many of the buildings shown.
Ranney, ; or Fanning's illustrated gazetteer of the United States Illustrated with seals and thirty-one state maps in countries, and fourteen maps of cities.
The map may have appeared in both publications. The page with text has the date The Pennsylvania Canal is shown with its aqueduct across the Allegheny River. There is only one bridge, called the Suspension Bridge, over the Mon. Depot is shown at the Point with a dotted line, apparently tracks, coming down Liberty Avenue. So, this map catches Pittsburgh right at the transition from canal to railroad.
White Smith, Publisher, No. This book has about pages and is really a travelers guide with an accompanying map of Pennsylvania. The section in the back with this sketch is titled Locomotive Sketches with Pen and Pencil from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh; and was also published separately.
Bowen's book originally appeared around and so must have been very popular. The view is from Mt. There is one bridge over the Mon and several over the Allegheny; though none at the Point. Although dated , this map appeared in an edition of Colton's General Atlas, the same map appeared in several editions.
Two city plans appear on the same page, only Pittsburgh is shown here colored by ward, showing streets, main buildings, railroads, stations etc.
An attractive map with a fancy grapevine border and small illustrations of buildings along the right edge; also an anonymous map with no printer or source identified. It shows the downtown with portions of the north Allegheny City and south side; insets of the neighborhoods of Lawrenceville and Manchester are along the left edge. This map can be compared with the one below, also based on McGowin's map. It is printed on poor paper and this copy has some condition problems; apparently originally folded for a book or report.
Map taken from R. McGowin's map of Pittsburgh. The source and exact dating of this map is not known; it is believed to date between and Only the downtown is shown. The canal enters town across the Allegheny and flows into the basin at the foot of Grant Street.